Steps To Take After Obtaining Permanent Residency to Gain Canadian Citizenship

Congratulations on successfully obtaining permanent residency in Canada! This marks a significant milestone on your journey towards becoming a Canadian citizen. Although you now have the privilege to reside and work in Canada indefinitely, several essential steps must be taken before you can apply for citizenship.

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Canadian citizenship, you need to meet the following criteria:

1. Maintain permanent residency in Canada.
2. Reside in Canada for at least three out of the past five years.
3. Fulfill your tax obligations if applicable.
4. Demonstrate proficiency in either English or French.
5. Pass a citizenship examination.

Language Proficiency Requirements

To demonstrate your language skills, you must satisfy one of these conditions:

1. Attain a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) score of a minimum of 7 in English or French.
2. Complete a government-approved language training program.
3. Receive your education in English or French, either in Canada or abroad.

**Citizenship Test Prerequisites**

The citizenship test evaluates your knowledge of Canada’s history, government, and values. You have the option to take the test in either English or French, and you must correctly answer at least 15 out of 20 questions to pass.

Application for Citizenship

You can apply for Canadian citizenship online or via mail. Although the online application process is faster and more convenient, it requires digital copies of all necessary documents.

When applying for citizenship, a fee is applicable, currently set at $630 for adults and $100 for minors.

Processing Time

The processing duration for citizenship applications can vary based on the government’s workload. It might take anywhere from six months to two years to complete the application process.

Citizenship Ceremony

Upon approval of your citizenship application, you will be invited to attend a citizenship ceremony. During this event, you’ll take the Oath of Citizenship, marking your official status as a Canadian citizen.

Benefits of Canadian Citizenship

Canadian citizens enjoy various advantages, such as:

1. Voting rights in federal and provincial elections.
2. Eligibility to run for public office.
3. The ability to possess a Canadian passport.
4. Unlimited rights to live and work in Canada.
5. Access to social programs and benefits, including healthcare and education.

Steps to Pursue Canadian Citizenship After Receiving Permanent Residency

Here’s a step-by-step guide for obtaining Canadian citizenship after obtaining permanent residency:

1. Review Eligibility Criteria: Ensure that you meet all Canadian citizenship eligibility requirements before applying. You can find detailed information on these requirements on the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website.

2. Prove Language Proficiency: If not already done, you must verify your language skills in English or French. This can be achieved by taking a language test, completing an approved language training program, or providing evidence of education in English or French.
3. Prepare for the Citizenship Test: The citizenship test assesses your knowledge of Canada’s history, government, and values. You can access study materials for this test on the IRCC website.

4. Submit Your Citizenship Application: Apply for Canadian citizenship online or through mail, and ensure that you pay the required fee and submit all necessary documents.

5. Await Application Processing: The processing time for citizenship applications varies depending on the government’s workload. Be prepared for a timeframe ranging from six months to two years.

6. Participate in the Citizenship Ceremony: After the approval of your citizenship application, you’ll receive an invitation to a citizenship ceremony. During the ceremony, you will take the Oath of Citizenship and officially become a Canadian citizen.

Tips for Completing the Citizenship Application

Here are some helpful tips when completing your citizenship application:

1. Carefully read the instructions and provide accurate answers to all questions.

2. Ensure you include all the required documentation.

3. Submit your application promptly.

4. Regularly check the status of your application.


Becoming a Canadian citizen is a highly rewarding journey. By following the steps outlined above, you can attain your goal of becoming a Canadian citizen.